Nomenclature - Rencong

Diagram of parts of a Rentjong dagger

Diagram of parts of the blade of a rencong dagger

The rencong (rentcong, rentjong, rentjoeng) is one of the three primary weapons of the Aceh people in Northern Sumatra (the other two are the sewar, and the peudeueng).

Rencong are found with many types of hulu (hilt), in particular: Peudoi, Meucugeek, Meupucok, and occasionally, Puntung. 

See Also A comprehensive illustrated list of Indonesian hilt / hulu types 

The component parts of the rencong can be likened to individual letters of the formal Arabic script huruf gundul, literally bare lettering, of the phrase Bismillaah

  • The hilt of the rencong is in the shape of "ba" 
  • The decoration at the base of the hilt is "sin" 
  • The blade's shape is "mim" 
  • The shape of the metal parts at the top of the blade is "lam" 
  • The base of the scabbard has the shape of the letter "ha" 
  • Together, "ba, sin, mim, lam and ha" make up the world, "Bismillaah" 


Illustration of Rencong Hilt (type Meucugek)

Illustration of Rencong Hilt (type Meucugek)

Illustration of Rencong blade tip cross-section

Illustration of Rencong blade tip cross-section

Illustration of Rencong blade tip side view

Illustration of Rencong blade tip side view

Illustration of Rencong Scabbard throat with “eagle claw”

Illustration of Rencong Scabbard throat with “eagle claw”