Tauseg Philippine Terms

Tauseg terms related to blades, knives swords, tools and their features.  
rom Hassan, et al. (1994)

PUDDANG: noun. A large, double-bladed sword 

BARUNG: noun. A single-bladed weapon (having a heavy back and tapering in thickness to the point). (it has an elaborately carved handle, is worn at the waist and used only for fighting. 

KALIS: noun. A kris (the famous two-edged sword of Sulu). 

KAMPILAN: noun. A long, two-handed, bladed weapon (rarely seen or used in recent times). 

UTAK: noun. A (working) bolo. 

PUNYAL: noun. A dagger (smaller than a kitchen knife). 

JANAP: noun. A (short working) bolo (having a blunt end which is sharpened to facilitate weeding or digging). 

LAHUT: noun. a variety of Tausug knife with a sharp-pointed blade. Similar: laring, utak, pisaw, janap

LARING: noun. A knife (as a kitchen knife or pen-knife). Similar: lahut, utak, janap, buna', pisaw. 

PISAW (gimb. pisawali): noun. A small knife (esp. used in preparing a betel nut chew). Similar:  laring 

BUNA: noun. A type of small working knife. Similar: laring, utak, janap, lahut, pisaw 

ISPARA (Tagalog) noun. A sword (usu. refers to foreign swords). Similar: puddang 

SANGKU: noun. A bayonet.

PUHAN: noun. a handle, hilt (of a sword, knife, kris, etc.). 

BAYKASKAS: noun. a shank collar (of a bladed weapon).  SYN. budbud

BUDBUD: noun. a shank collar (of a bladed weapon).  SYN. baykaskas

BUNGBUNG: noun. a shank (of a bladed cutting instrument). 

SIKU'-SIKU': noun. the wavy edge (of a kris). 

DALIG: noun. the back edge (of a single-bladed cutting instrument). 

PUSSUK: noun. the point, tip, (of a needle, ice pick, knife, spear, etc.). 

TABUGUBAN: noun. a sheath (of a bolo or bladed weapon). 

HUBLUT: verb. to draw, unsheathe (as a sword from the scabbard, or a pistol from the holster). 

SULAB: noun. a blade (of a tool, weapon, etc.). 

HASA: verb. to whet, sharpen (something, esp. a bladed weapon such as a bolo, knife, or kris).

HAYT: noun. the sharpness of things, such as the blade of a weapon, pencil, teeth, or fingernails.

TUMPUL, DUMPUL: adj. blunt, dull, not sharp.

PUNDUL: adj. (of a bladed instrument) dull, blunt. 

SUMBING: adj. jagged, dented, notched, nicked (as of the edges of cutting tools). 

PUNGLAS: noun. the material used in cleaning a bladed weapon (as barong, kris, or spear). 

ANGKA': noun. a carving or design (as on a sword's hilt, grave marker, or wooden furniture), mark or indication (as a dog ear on a book, boundary post or the like). 

UKKIL: noun. carving. 

LUK (from KALLUK): adj. curved, bent

JANGGAY: noun. a long fingernail; MAJANGGAY: adj. having long fingernails. 

LANTIK: adj. double-jointed

TULID, MATULID: adj. honest, straightforward.

SAWASA': noun. copper. 

TUMBAGA: noun. brass, copper, bronze.

BASI': noun. steel, iron.

GAHA: noun. rust

GARING: noun. elephant tusk, ivory

KITLAN: noun. tar, pitch. 

BUAYA: noun. a crocodile (generic)

DUYUNG: noun. a large somewhat whale-like tropical mammal, mermaid. 

GADJA: noun. an elephant

BUDJAK: noun. A spear, lance, pike, javelin. 

BINANGKAW: noun. A short bladed spear. Cf. budjak. 

SAPANG: noun. A spear (for catching fish), harpoon. 

SANGKIL: noun. A harpoon lance. 

SAWBANG: noun. A fish-spear with bamboo points. 

TATAHAN: noun. the shaft of a fish spear.

PANA: noun. An arrow (as in archery). 

GANGAT: noun. a barb or hook (on the end of a fish spear, arrow, etc.).

BADLUNG: noun. a slingshot. 

PITIK/ PITIKAN: noun. a slingshot. 

BAWGAN: noun. A trigger (of a trap), bow (of an arrow). 

BAWANG: noun. a missile shot from a blowgun (sumpitan); made from a tiny well-chopped bamboo slat, pointed at one end. Cf. sumpitan

TUKLANG: noun. sharpened bamboo, wood or iron (used as stake).

LATIGU (Tagalog): noun. a whip with a rod and a lash attached at one end.

TAMING: noun. A shield, covering for protection (as from rain, lightning, sun, a blow, or prying eyes).

PANDAY: noun. someone who has a special skill or talent in a specific field. panday bulawan: goldsmith; panday basi: black smith

SASAL: verb. to work with (a metal), make (a metal) into (something). 

MANANASAL: noun. a smith. 

GAWGARI: noun. a file, a carpenter's tool for filing wood or metal. 

PATUK: noun. a woodworking tool for scraping (consists of a wide chisel fixed in a head made of woven rattan at the end of a long curved handle; the striking angle of the chisel blade can be adjusted).

SANGKA: verb. (for a driven, pointed object such as a nail or the handle point of a bolo) to reach a limit or an end point; drive (such an object) to a limit. 

LIKUP: noun. an iron tool (used for making holes in bamboo, wood, leather, and the like), gimlet, auger.

KAPA: noun. an ax, hatchet.

MASU: noun. a sledgehammer. Cf. tukul

SANGKAP: noun. A chisel. 

SANGKUL: noun. A (gardener's) hoe. 

SUWAT: verb. to turn over (soil with bolo, to be able to remove weeds easily or to aerate it).

JANGAT, JANGATAN: noun. an implement for scraping (consisting of a handle with a row of sheet metal loops). 

BAKA'-BAKA': noun. a deep wide-mouth oval shaped basket made of rattan or similar material with a string fastened on the sides and with a cover, usually carried on the back by a harvester.